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Trending in Optics

Posted: November 2016 | See all Trending in Optics topics

Trending in Optics

Polarization Directed Flat Lenses

Polarization Directed Flat Lenses

Polarization Directed Flat Lenses function differently than typical spherical lenses. The focal length is defined by a holographically recorded wavefront profile, rather than by the curvature of the surfaces. Thus, the Polarization Directed Flat Lenses have less weight and volume than comparable spherical lenses, making them ideal for space-constrained applications. The Polarization Directed Flat Lenses are the result of exciting new design technology, allowing for endless possibilities across various industry fields and application types.

Key Features

Thin (0.45mm) and Flat for Weight or Space Sensitive Applications

Negative or Positive Focal Length Based Upon the Input Polarization

No Spherical Aberration

Ultra-low Loss

AR Coated for High Visible Light Transmission

Negative Dispersion for Unique Chromatic Aberration Correction in Multi-Element Designs

RHCP - Right-Handed Circular Polarization
RHCP - Right-Handed Circular Polarization
LHCP - Left-Handed Circular Polarization
LHCP - Left-Handed Circular Polarization


Product and Technology Overview

Product and Technology Overview

An introduction to the science, technology, and fabrication of Polarization Directed Flat Lenses.

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Technology Journal Article

Fabrication of ideal Geometric Phase (GP) holograms with arbitrary wavefonts.

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FAQ's

faq  What is a Polarization Directed Flat Lens?
A Polarization Directed Flat Lens is a thin (0.45mm) flat window with a complex photo-aligned liquid crystal polymer (LCP) film deposited on the surface. By varying the geometrical phase shift spatially, the LCP achieves near perfect diffraction efficiency of the holographically recorded lens wavefront. Essentially, a Polarization Directed Flat lens is a thin film equivalent of a geometric optic with very little volume, yielding significant reductions in weight and thickness.
faq  How does Polarization affect the performance?
The Polarization Directed Flat Lenses are sensitive to circular polarization. The lenses have the unique property that one circular polarization will focus or converge through the lens (positive focal length) and the orthogonal circular polarization will defocus or diverge (negative focal length).
  • When the lens is oriented with the LCP surface facing the light source: Left-Hand Circular Polarization (LHCP) light will focus with the stated positive focal length of the lens. Right-Hand Circular Polarization (RHCP) light will diverge with the negative stated focal length of the lens.
  • When the lens is oriented with the LCP surface away from the light source: RHCP light will focus with the stated positive focal length of the lens. LHCP light will diverge with the negative stated focal length of the lens.
faq  Will the lens focus unpolarized light?
With unpolarized light, the Polarization Directed Flat Lens will act as a positive lens for 50% of the light (one of the circular polarizations) and it will act as a negative lens for the other 50% of the light (the orthogonal polarization).
faq  What happens with linear polarized light?
Linear polarized light will act the same as unpolarized – 50% of the light will be focused, and 50% of the light will be diverged with a negative focal length.
faq  What are the advantages of Polarization Directed Flat Lenses?
Polarization Directed Flat Lenses are a thin film equivalent of a geometric optic. Thus, they have significantly less volume than an equivalent spherical optic, yielding significant reduction in weight and thickness. The technology used to create them is also well suited to create gratings and other polarization optics, allowing for multiple optical technologies to be designed into a single optical component.
faq  Are there any disadvantages to Polarization Directed Flat Lenses?
To operate as efficiently as possible, the lenses require the incoming light to be circularly polarized. This requires extra care in the setup, and potentially additional polarization optics in the optical design. Also, the lenses function as a grating, and thus have significant chromatic aberration when used with broadband illumination. Care should be taken to limit the spectral bandwidth of the illumination for optimum results.
faq  How can I specify a custom Polarization Directed Flat Lens?
To create a custom Polarization Directed Flat Lens, the following information is required:
  • Lens Size (Diameter, Square, etc)
  • Clear Aperture
  • Maximum Thickness
  • Desired Focal Length
  • Operating Wavelength Range
  • Wavefront Characteristics (aspheric, etc)
  • AR Coating Specs (wavelength, reflectance, etc.)
  • Wavefront Accuracy
faq  How should I clean my Polarization Directed Flat Lens?
Polarization Directed Flat Lenses can be cleaned with the same methods used for other anti-reflection coated optics. Visit our application note on Cleaning Optics for more information.
faq  How can I mount my Polarization Directed Flat Lens?
All of our standard Polarization Directed Flat Lenses are 25 x 25mm. Our 25mm Square Rectangular Bar Clamp, #54-994, is a good choice for bench mounted applications.
 

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