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It is a version of the optical invariant that uses the chief ray and the marginal ray as the two rays of interest for ray tracing calculations.
See also Optical Invariant
Acronym that stands for light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation. The basic structure is based on an active medium (either a gas or semiconductor) contained between two reflectors. A laser's reflectors contain light by oscillating it through a medium repeatedly allowing the energy to build up with each pass. Laser radiation escapes due to a partially reflecting mirror in the assembly.
The maximum amount of laser power per area that a surface can withstand before it is damaged. For pulsed lasers, typically measured in mJ/cm2; for continuous wave lasers, typically in W/cm2. This measurement is very important for mirrors or any other optical component used in conjunction with laser products.
The difference in image height between blue and red light rays. Blue light is refracted more strongly than red light, which is why rays intercept the image plane at different heights. Lateral color is dependent on system stop location.
An optical component that utilizes total internal reflection to turn a non-uniform light source into uniform illumination.
The width of the line created by a line generating laser is equivalent to the beam spot diameter at the target without the line generating optic. The length of the line is defined by the fan angle.
See also Fan Angle
A type of polarizer used to limit the oscillations of electromagnetic waves to a specific plane by absorbing components oscillating in planes other than the specified polarization transmission axis.
Also known as a 30-60-90 dispersion prism, it is available in two versions: uncoated and coated. An uncoated Littrow dispersion prism disperses white light into its spectral components, similar to an equilateral prism; a coated Littrow dispersion prism deviates the ray path by 60° without inverting or reverting the image. The hypotenuse of the coated version is at Brewster's angle for 514.5nm, resulting in retroreflection at that wavelength. Rotating the prism changes the retroreflected wavelength and makes this prism suitable for line selection in a laser.
See also Dispersion
A type of chromatic aberration where different wavelengths focus at different points along the horizontal optical axis as a result of dispersion properties of the glass. The refractive index of a glass is wavelength dependent, so it has a slightly different effect on where each wavelength of light focuses, resulting in separate focal points for red, yellow, and blue light along a horizontal plane.
The spacing between multiple frequencies of oscillation within a laser that results from a combination of the gain curve for a laser and the resonance characteristics of its cavity. Since the mode spacing is defined as the speed of light divided by twice the cavity length, short cavities can be used in applications that require a minimal frequency spread. A short cavity can extend the mode spacing such that only one frequency experiences gain during oscillation.
A type of filter in which the transmission band is a high wavelength region (higher than the region blocked); for example, a filter that blocks the visible spectrum (400-700nm) and passes the Near-IR (700-1200nm).
See also Shortpass Filter
For light control film, the angle orientation of the closely spaced micro-louvers. The louvers simulate a tiny venetian blind that blocks out unwanted ambient light and controls the direction of display light. Unlike blinds, the film is a solid material.
See also Viewing Angle
The perceived power of visible light or the flow of this visible light past a fixed point per unit of time, measured in lumen.
See also Minimum Sensitivity
Unit of measure of luminous flux incident per unit area. One lux (lx) equals one lumen per square meter.
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